China has laid down plans to become the world’s largest superpower within the next 30 years. The country plans for world dominion with a 30-year plan to transform itself and outdo the U.S to become the biggest global superpower. However, president Xi Jinping has warned of “severe challenges” ahead but has assured that China will become “more and more open”, and be a” model for whole humankind” in the next 30 years. But he has also declared an alarming threat to build one of the biggest and most powerful armies in the world ensuring they are built to fight.
During the opening of a five-yearly National Congress, Chinese president Xi Jinping set out his plan for the country to become a “global leader” with international influence, comprehensive strength, innovative companies, an expanding middle class, adequate public transport etc. within 30 years, precisely, by 2050. “Chinese people will enjoy greater happiness and well-being, and the Chinese nation will stand taller and firmer in the world. In his 3-and-a-half hours’ speech, Mr. Xi encouraged a reinvigorated Communist Party to talk a stern role in the society and economic development to better handle the nation’s “grim” challenges.
Speaking in the Great Hall of the People, the president outlined is vision for the communist ruling party that acted on the forefront in everything from defending national security thus providing moral guidance. He also called for the party not only to protect China’s sovereignty, but also to rejuvenate Chinese culture, oppose “erroneous” ideology and promote religion that is “Chinese in orientation”.
He declared that the time was ripe for China to become “a mighty force” that would lead the world in political, military, economic and environmental issues” This is a new historic juncture in China’s development,” he added. “The Chinese nation has stood up, grown rich, and become strong-and it now holds the brilliant views of rejuvenation. It will be an era that will see China move closer to center stage and make greater contributions to mankind,” Mr. Xi said. He outlined a vision in which the communist party would lead China on the road to becoming a “great modern socialist country” by the mid-century. The whole party must be prepared to make even more difficult and harder efforts than before.
“To achieve great dreams, there must be greater struggle.” Acknowledging the country’s economic issues, Mr. Xi said China’s “prospects are bright but the challenges are grim”. On the contrary, critics have argued that China’s plans are unreasonable given it has massive demographic issues and slowed economic growth.
Senior analyst in defense strategy and capability at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Dr. Malcolm Davis, said Beijing wants to replace the U.S as the world’s dominant superpower, an idea many people have dismissed as absurd as recently as a few years ago. He added that Beijing wants to challenge U.S supremacy and reshape the region according to China’s interests and economic development.
“China doesn’t want to be just a regional superpower, it wants to be the superpower,” he said. However, he recognized that China faces several domestic challenges which stands in the way of its long-term goal, including suppression of democracy and freedom of speech. He also added that Beijing faces huge demographic challenge with an increasing ageing population and declining birthrate. This will in turn impact on China’s economic growth. The senior analyst questioned what would happen once China’s prosperity ran out and the disparity between rural and the city increased.
He highly suspects China is trying to make other countries sign up to its One Belt, One Road infrastructure investment project. By doing so, it will extend its influence over other countries which would align themselves more with China than the U.S. In addition, New York based Asian specialist Sean King has also said that despite the fact that the Chinese president may have extolled its many great assets, his speech was all about himself. Mr. Xi was “clearly positioning himself” for a possible third term.
The president may be seeking to modernize his country in regards to infrastructure and technology, but his speech showed cause for concern. Indications reveal that the country is progressing backwards in terms of internet freedom, right to worship and the right to free speech. “Xi’s muscular world view can mean trouble for the PRC’s (People’s Republic of China) immediate neighbors who typically look to America for security but who now almost openly question our commitment to the region,” Mr. King said.
In conclusion, it’s quite clear that China has great ambitions, however, we don’t know what the U.S is planning to maintain its “power”. It is a battle of power and the Chinese president has just trumpeted a “new era” of power for China.
Will China outdo the present world’s superpower?
What does China have at table to fulfill its plans?
Is it only about power or there is something else?