Inasmuch as there are many bodies both governmental and non-governmental, human trafficking remains a scourge in many countries. India is a country where such business booms and many people are subjected to backbreaking work regardless of the age, gender, race or religion. Much of the workforce in the business is derived internally, and the most affected persons are those of minority tribes and religions, women, and children.
Human trafficking is a trade involving humans where they are forcefully induced into legal or illegal businesses against their liking. As per the manner of the trade, some persons may be illegally shipped to other countries while following fraudulent job adverts and end up in forced labor or worse. Victims of human trafficking in India; both men, women, and children, are imposed the following tasks: Domestic chores or working in urban center establishments.
Introduced into the commercial sex market. Illegal organ trade. Begging and selling on the streets: the begging ringleader sometimes maims the children so that they receive more money. Performing demanding agricultural work in inhumane conditions. Working in industrial entities which expose them to hazards of chemicals. According to experts, women and children find themselves being used illegally for sex in the millions. They are lured by lucrative job deals or planned marriages, which turn sour as they are subjected to sex trafficking and end up in hotels or private residences.
Primary destinations for sex trafficking in India, internal or foreign, include Kolkata, Delhi, Gujarat, and Hyderabad. It pains to know that even law enforcers aid in this illegal trade by taking bribes, protect the sex traffickers and even tip them off to avoid getting arrested. There may be some innocent souls who looked for employment in low-skilled sectors, domestic service or construction and ended up doing menial jobs and forced labor contrary to what was expected. Most of them end up in coal mines, embroidery and textile industries, wire manufacturing, and performing agricultural tasks including fish farming and floriculture.
How to spot human trafficking victims
Children can easily be rescued by being keen on the signs of oppression which presents with withdrawal and anxiousness. You may also notice physical anomalies like bruises and scars which are evidence of assault. Calling the child helpline will help save a child from the horrors of human trafficking.
A huge step towards curbing human trafficking by the Indian government is setting up an around the clock helpline (011 2436 8638) which is dedicated to human trafficking cases only. The helpline has received and solved uncountable complaints with regards to human trafficking.
Knowing if there’s human trafficking is much easier in a neighborhood you well understand. Nonetheless, any unusual behavior (or activities) involving children and women should warrant you to call the above helpline. Even as the helpline is in operation, the number of solvable cases remain relatively low since cases of human trafficking are not easily closed due to lack of evidence.
Strategies and recommendations to stop human trafficking
Even though there are some districts which have still not revived their Anti-Human Trafficking Units (AHTUs), a majority of them have taken the bold step in doing the same. Under the leadership of the ministry of home affairs, AHTUs have been able to confirm and prosecute more cases of human trafficking than ever. Army officials are being trained on how to conduct raids on areas hot with human trafficking before being deployed for peacekeeping.
Funding of many nongovernmental entities that are against human trafficking is provided by the government. This protected many children who are unaccompanied, missing, abandoned, runaways and those prone to exploitation through a partnership between NGOs and railway companies to safeguard the children. The government has also increased enforcement of the law with stern action to be undertaken for anyone found guilty of the act.
Even though the efforts to curb human trafficking are commendable, still much has to be done since the turnout rate in prosecutions and convictions is still not enough, and those in power are slack in passing judgment. In addition to that, some aspects of the Indian law are biased.
For instance, Section 370 is not sufficient enough protect prostitution of children under 18 years into sex trafficking. It is OK to say that most of the features of human trafficking are forbidden and restricted by the law but more effort has to be made in enforcing it. As seen, all efforts against human trafficking will save lives. However, more action should be put in place to have the law put into practice.
Has enough been done to curb human trafficking?
What should be done differently to end this vice?