Aristotle was born around 384–322 BC in the city of Stagira, Chalcidice, He was a Greek Scientist and philosopher , At eighteen, he joined Plato’s Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven. His works cover numerous topics like physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, He started to tutor Alexander the Great starting from 343 BC.
Teaching Alexander the Great gave Aristotle many opportunities and an abundance of supplies. He established a library in the Lyceum which aided in the production of many of his hundreds of books. The fact that Aristotle was a pupil of Plato contributed to his former views of Platonism, but, following Plato’s death, Aristotle immersed himself in empirical studies and shifted from Platonism to empiricism. He believed all peoples’ concepts and all of their knowledge was ultimately based on perception.
All aspects of Aristotle’s philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today. More than 2300 years after his death, Aristotle remains one of the most influential people who ever lived. He contributed to almost every field of human knowledge then in existence, and he was the founder of many new fields.
According to the philosopher Bryan Magee.
“It is doubtful whether any human being has ever known as much as he did”.